Jasmine plants | Jasminum - The Best Garden Varieties.
talk here of Jasmine – the plants; not of singers by that name,
nor companies, tea, beauty preparations or branded clothes. This
is essentially about the plant genus Jasminum - commonly known
as Jasmines. Summer Jasmine and Winter Jasmine are the two best
known common names.
The popularity of the common name Jasmine has been usurped by some
other plants other than true Jasminum. Who can blame them for wanting
such a strong brand name? Trachelospermum jasminoides hails
commonly as Confederate or Star Jasmine; Gardenia as Cape Jasmine.
Gorgeous plants are both, with fragrance as strong as Jasminum. The
plants are not to blame of course for this misuse of name. It is a name
that sells well!
The Jasminum family of plants is diverse and most originated in the
tropics of South East and other Asian areas. Now they are to be found in
Europe and other temperate areas.
are surprisingly hardy, given their preferred abode is tropical.
They all belong to the higher family group of Oleaceae - the
olives. Most (after flowering) develop small black fruits -
olives in miniature.
Jasmines are generally thought of as climbing plants. Most are true
climbers, but some are sprawling or lax shrubs which lend themselves to
being trained unnaturally up trellis and other supports. A few are happy
to be self supporting shrubs - quite unlike climbers.
There are a few hundred Jasmines from which to choose - not all are
readily available, or desirable for growing outdoors. Some are
cultivated as houseplants, some are good garden plants.
We list the most
popular and reliable Jasmine varieties for garden use. Many are
borderline cases insofar as hardiness is concerned. Those are not in
this recommended list of reliably hardy Jasmines. I have first-hand
experience of my chosen list.
General Care and Problems of Jasmines.
Most of these are best in well drained soil that does not become
waterlogged in the winter. A wide range of soil is acceptable, but heavy
clay soils will need to be
lightened in the immediate area of the plant.
Full sun or the lightest of shade is ideal. Other than that, the
climbers need support and tying in, with whatever pruning is required
carried out right after flowering.
This list - which are suitable for growing outdoors have few
problems. Aphids being the normal insect pest – though rarely
List of Jasmine Plants for Outdoor Garden Planting
- Jasminum officinale
AGM - Common Jasmine; Summer Jasmine.
The common summer
Jasmine is a vigorous twining climber with the famed fragrant white
flowers. It has many related ‘cousins’ which are grown as indoor
Jasmine. Jasminum officinale flowers from mid-summer
through until autumn and is holder of the coveted AGM - Award of
Garden Merit by the Royal Horticultural Society. To be so recognized
means that it has been observed and tested in garden situations over
time and is regarded being a worthy subject for general garden and
reliable garden use. Vigorous; 3-5m.
- Jasminum officinale
as per its parent, but with the
added attraction of creamy white foliage variegation which is
especially colourful on the young leaves. Vigorous; 3m+
- Jasminum officinale
being another from
the same parentage, though sometimes having the foliage spoiled in
harsh sun or late frosts. Not as floriferous as the parent, but with
stunning golden foliage throughout summer. This cultivar is best
planted in dappled shade, rather than direct sunshine in order to
avoid leaf scorch. Vigorous; 3m+
- Jasminum beesianum
- Red Flowered Jasmine.
Twining deciduous Jasmine - the
unusual red flowers – for a Jasmine – are the main reason for
including this climber in the list. The flowers are small and not
greatly scented – though some writers claim it to be so! Neither is
it evergreen as sometimes described, though in the mildest of areas
it retains some foliage throughout winter. Reasonably vigorous once
- Jasminum nudiflorum AGM - Winter Jasmine.
Deciduous arching stems. One of the best of the winter flowering
shrubs – the Winter Jasmine is more of a floppy shrub than a true
climber. It can be ‘trained’ and supported up all manner of
structures to suit as a good wall or pergola shrub. Late winter it
is a mass of deep gold flowers on bare stems, followed by deep green
glossy foliage after flowering.
Grown to height against a wall,
can be quite spectacular with the hanging branches of yellow-clad
flowers Slow to take off, but can be trained up to 2.5m.
Pruning Winter Jasmine
- Jasminum humile Revolutum AGM
- Yellow Bush Jasmine
Unusual Jasmine, in that it is
not a climber or wall plant but a stand-alone shrub that has
generally erect but slightly arching habit. Large golden yellow
flowers contrast well with the attractive pinnate foliage, and there
is also a hint of fragrance – strong enough to warrant it being
classed as a scented summer flowering shrub. No need for pruning –
other than to remove any crowded growth – right after flowering.
Shrub – not climber; 2+m in height and spread.
- Jasminum x stephanense AGM
Deciduous twining climber as per the other summer Jasmines, but now
with flushed pink flowers – being the result of its parentage line
of the red-flowered J. beesianum, and the white-flowered Jasminum
officinale. Vigourous; 4-5m height.
- Jasminum polyanthum AGM - Pink Jasmine.
J. polyanthum is an evergreen or semi-evergreen
vigorous twining climber It is similar to the common summer Jasmine,
but with pink-buds opening to white flowers. This is really a
borderline case insofar as hardiness is concerned, but is worth a
try – just for the pink buds of the otherwise white flowers. It
really will need a sheltered area and a sunny wall for certainty! It
becomes more reliably hardy with age. During the first winter
outdoors it will benefit from a little protection – especially at
the root zone. Vigorous; 2-3m height.
- Climbing Plants
of Climbing Plant Names